CE Marking or UK CA Marking Requirements
All machinery supplied for use into the European Economic Area must carry CE marking.
Machinery sold into the UK must soon carry UK CA Marking.
The CE marking or UK CA marking shows that the manufacturer is declaring conformity with all Directives and UK Regulations relating to that product. This is the ‘New Approach’ implemented by the European Commission since 1987, reducing barriers to trade within the EU.
With the UK leaving the EU, from January 1st 2021, new machinery supplied in the UK must carry UK CA marking, unless it is already in the supply chain, when there is a transition in place until January 1st 2022. Machinery supplied into the EU must continue to carry CE Marking.
The Directives are brought into each European countries legal system, in the UK as Regulations. It is a criminal offence not to comply, punishable by fines or imprisonment.
It is the manufacturers responsibility to ensure that machinery complies with the Essential Requirements of all Directives that may apply. However, there are some exemptions, see the Directive text.
Practically, what this means is that there must be a Technical File available for the machine, or complex assembly of machines. This should include how the equipment meets the Essential Requirements of the Directives that apply. Also Risk Assessments, any test results that may be required, detailed drawings and calculations demonstrating that the equipment is safe. There should also be a copy of the Instructions and the Declaration of Conformity, or Incorporation if a partly completed machine.
The manufacturer or his Authorised Representative must compile the Technical File, address the EHSR’s, carry out Risk Assessments and provide a list of Standards to use.
The Manufacturer must ensure that a Declaration of Conformity is issued for each machine or assembly of machines and the CE Marking or UK CA Marking applied to the machine. The Essential Requirements explain what must be on the plate, what must be in the Instructions and what must be in the Technical File.
CE or UK CA Marking applies to all new machinery, new assemblies of machines (even if existing machines). It also applies to machinery built for in-house use, interchangeable equipment and possibly modified machinery.
Member States must presume that products bearing the CE marking comply with all the provisions of the applicable directives providing for its affixing. Member States may not prohibit, restrict or impede the placing on the market and putting into service in their territory of products bearing the CE marking, unless the provisions relating to CE marking are incorrectly applied.